Can Alternative Energy Effectively Replace Fossil Fuels?

Whether alternative energy sources such as biofuels, hydrogen, solar, geothermal, or nuclear energy can meet energy demands better than finite fossil fuels such as oil and coal remains hotly debated.

Proponents of alternative energy argue that fossil fuels are inefficient, unsustainable, environmentally destructive, and the primary contributor to global climate change. They say renewable energies are a viable and immediately needed alternative to fossil fuel use that could boost the US economy and reduce reliance on foreign energy sources.

Opponents contend that many technological hurdles have to be overcome before alternative energy can replace even a small portion of the power provided by fossil fuels. They say that fossil fuels will last hundreds of years longer, be made increasingly efficient, remain the most economical choice, and that reliance on inefficient alternative energies will hurt the economy.


PROS & CONS BY CATEGORY
CORE QUESTION

Fossil Fuels & Alternative Energies Defined

Energy & the Economy

Energy Use

Oil

Peak Oil

Coal

Natural Gas

Carbon Cap and Trade

Carbon Capture and Storage

Electricity Grid

Biofuels

Hydrogen

Hydropower

Nuclear

Solar Power

Wind Power

Global Climate Change







Notices for Alternative Energy and Other ProCon.org Information (archived after 30 days)
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Archived Notices

Last updated on 2/1/2018 11:37:14 AM PST

Whether alternative energy sources such as biofuels, hydrogen, solar, geothermal, or nuclear energy can meet energy demands better than finite fossil fuels such as oil and coal remains hotly debated.

Proponents of alternative energy argue that fossil fuels are inefficient, unsustainable, environmentally destructive, and the primary contributor to global climate change. They say renewable energies are a viable and immediately needed alternative to fossil fuel use that could boost the US economy and reduce reliance on foreign energy sources.

Opponents contend that many technological hurdles have to be overcome before alternative energy can replace even a small portion of the power provided by fossil fuels. They say that fossil fuels will last hundreds of years longer, be made increasingly efficient, remain the most economical choice, and that reliance on inefficient alternative energies will hurt the economy.

PROS & CONS BY CATEGORY
CORE QUESTION

Fossil Fuels & Alternative Energies Defined

Energy & the Economy

Energy Use

Oil

Peak Oil

Coal

Natural Gas

Carbon Cap and Trade

Carbon Capture and Storage

Electricity Grid

Biofuels

Hydrogen

Hydropower

Nuclear

Solar Power

Wind Power

Global Climate Change

Is Human Activity Primarily Responsible for Global Climate Change?

How the United States Uses Oil

Fracking Pros & Cons











Notices for Alternative Energy and Other ProCon.org Information (archived after 30 days)
ProCon.org Used by Educators in More than 10,000 Schools!
2/1/2018 - We thank the teachers in 10,037 schools who have used our free resources in your instructional materials. Our amazing community consists of 3,524 elementary and middle schools (35.1%), 4,692 high schools (46.7%), and 1,821 colleges and universities (18.1%) in all 50 states and 92 countries. Visit the Teachers' Corner to find your school and see how educators are using ProCon.org in the classroom. Or join the community by taking our 2-minute survey.

Archived Notices

Last updated on 2/1/2018 11:37:14 AM PST