Not Clearly Pro or Con to the question "Can Alternative Energy Effectively Replace Fossil Fuels?"
"The USGS Energy Resources Program addresses the challenge of increasing demand for energy sources by conducting basic and applied research on geologic energy resources and on the environmental, economic, and human health impacts of their production and use. The ERP provides reliable and impartial scientific information on geologically based energy resources, including: oil, natural gas, coal, coalbed methane (CBM), gas hydrates, geothermal resources, uranium, oil shale, and bitumen and heavy oil. The Energy Resources Program is also involved in studying the impacts of wind and solar energy development. The results of USGS research and USGS data are used to inform policymakers regarding domestic and foreign energy resources and to manage energy resources on Federal lands. Major consumers of our products are the land and resource management bureaus of the Department of the Interior, federal environmental and national security agencies, State geological surveys, the energy industry, and the environmental community."
"About the Energy Program," USGS website, July 18, 2011
Organizations/VIPs/Others Individuals and organizations that do not fit into the other star categories.
"The USGS is a science organization that provides impartial information on the health of our ecosystems and environment, the natural hazards that threaten us, the natural resources we rely on, the impacts of climate and land-use change, and the core science systems that help us provide timely, relevant, and useable information."
"About USGS," USGS website, Sep. 13, 2011
"The USGS serves the Nation by providing reliable scientific information to describe and understand the Earth; minimize loss of life and property from natural disasters; manage water, biological, energy, and mineral resources; and enhance and protect our quality of life."