William R. Kenan Jr. Professor of Humanities and Sciences at Stanford University and former Secretary of Energy
Not Clearly Pro or Con to the question "Can Alternative Energy Effectively Replace Fossil Fuels?"
"What, then, should be our best investments for our nation's energy future? Fusion research must continue, but commercially viable fusion is not a certainty. Fission energy has significant issues: long-term waste storage and the potential proliferation of nuclear weapons materials. Despite these issues, it needs a second look, especially if radioactive waste can be greatly reduced by recycling and burning down long-lived radioactive products into shorter-lived waste.
Beyond nuclear energy, our most likely option is solar energy, such as solar cells and wind. Modern wind generation is becoming economically competitive, but it cannot supply the majority of our energy needs. Photovoltaic generation needs improvement in cost and/or efficiency before large-scale deployment can occur. If generation of electricity via wind or photovoltaics is to become a major component of our energy portfolio, it will be essential to develop efficient methods to convert electricity into stored energy that we can use on demand.
There is another approach. For billions of years, photosynthesis has turned the sun's energy into chemical energy. Learning to mimic biological systems may provide an eventual solution, while advances in molecular biology may offer a shorter-term answer. We should develop rapidly growing, self- fertilizing plants that convert carbon dioxide, sunlight, water and modest amounts of nutrients into biomass, such as cellulose, and more efficient means to convert the bio-mass and bio-waste into usable forms of energy. Nature has found ways to convert cellulose within the stomach of a termite and at the bottom of a swamp. A promising avenue of research is to improve these microorganism communities or develop biology-inspired enzymes that can replace existing, less efficient processes."
"Worldwide Energy Crunch: Power the the People - and How to Keep It Coming," San Francisco Chronicle, July 17, 2005
Experts Individuals with PhDs, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to alternative energy or fossil fuel issues. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to alternative energy or fossil fuel issues.
Involvement and Affiliations:
William R. Kenan Jr. Professor of Humanities and Sciences, Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, School of Medicine, Stanford University, 2013-present
Secretary, United States Department of Energy (DOE), Jan. 21, 2009-Apr. 22, 2013
Professor, Physics and Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of California at Berkeley, 2004-2009
Director, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2004-2009
Professor, Physics, Stanford University, 1987-2004
Co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics, 1997
Researcher, AT&T Bell Laboratories, 1978-1987
Postdoctoral Fellow, University of California at Berkeley, 1976-1978
Member, National Academy of Sciences,
Member, American Philosophical Society,
Member, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Academica Sinica, and the Korean Academy of Sciences and Technology
Member, American Academy of Arts and Sciences’ committee on Alternative Models of Federal Funding of Science
Member, Steering Committee of the Energy Security, Innovation and Sustainability Initiative, Council on Competitiveness
Member, Board of Trustees, University of Rochester
Member, Board of Directors, William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
Member, Board of Directors, NVIDIA Corporation
Member, Governing Board, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology
Member, Scientific Board, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
PhD, Physics, University of California at Berkeley, 1976
BS, Mathematics and Physics, University of Rochester, 1970