Institute Professor of the Department of Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Not Clearly Pro or Con to the question "Can Alternative Energy Effectively Replace Fossil Fuels?"
"Rising real prices of oil and natural gas reflect in part the progressive decline in low-cost reserves, and signal the wisdom of preparing now for a long transition from our
petroleum-based economy. Almost certainly, future economies will exploit all possible
technology options for replacing petroleum-based liquid fuels, especially technologies that do not produce net carbon dioxide, the major greenhouse gas. Biomass should,
properly, be considered along with nuclear power and coal conversion with carbon capture and sequestration as important options for future energy supply."
"Biomass Movement," Wall Street Journal, May 10, 2006
Experts Individuals with PhDs, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to alternative energy or fossil fuel issues. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to alternative energy or fossil fuel issues.
Involvement and Affiliations:
Institute Professor, Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Trustee, Center for American Progress
Member, Board of Directors (Chairman of Governance & Nominating Committee, Member of Public Affairs Committee and Member of Executive Committee), Raytheon
Director of Central Intelligence, United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), May 1995 - Dec. 2006
Member, President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology, 1997-2001
Recipient, Central Intelligence Distinguished Intelligence Medal, 1996
Deputy Secretary of Defense, United States Department of Defense, Mar. 1994 - May 1995
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisitiions and Technology, United States Department of Defense, Mar. 1993 - Mar. 1994
Member, President's Commission on Strategic Forces, 1983