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National Research Council Biography

Not Clearly Pro or Con to the question "Can Alternative Energy Effectively Replace Fossil Fuels?"

“Photovoltaic devices based on new materials to convert sunlight into electricity and chemical means to convert
sunlight into chemical fuels offer great opportunities.
Photosynthesis-based designs are beginning to receive some attention. Energy-storage devices with high energy and power densities could enable much wider use of solar, wind and nuclear energy…

Alternative energy sources for transportation must match or overcome a large advantage of liquid hydrocarbons… A major goal is to derive petroleum substitutes from plant matter other than food crops which would be approximately

Wider usage of nuclear power to generate much larger amounts of electricity could displace some fossil fuel usage but it requires safe and efficient handling of wastes which in turn require secure geological and geochemical storage.”

“Energy Challenges,” Presented by Ralph J. Cicerone to the 145th Annual Meeting of the National Academy of Sciences, Apr. 28, 2008


“The National Research Council (NRC) functions under the auspices of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), and the Institute of Medicine (IOM). The NAS, NAE, IOM, and NRC are part of a private, nonprofit institution that provides science, technology and health policy advice under a congressional charter signed by President Abraham Lincoln that was originally granted to the NAS in 1863. Under this charter, the NRC was established in 1916, the NAE in 1964, and the IOM in 1970. The four organizations are collectively referred to as the National Academies…

The NRC is committed to providing elected leaders, policy makers, and the public with expert advice based on sound scientific evidence. The NRC does not receive direct federal appropriations for its work. Individual projects are funded by federal agencies, foundations, other governmental and private sources, and the institution’s endowment. The work is made possible by 6,000 of the world’s top scientists, engineers, and other professionals who volunteer their time without compensation to serve on committees and participate in activities. The NRC is administered jointly by the NAS, NAE, and the IOM through the NRC Governing Board.”

“Welcome to the National Research Council,” National Research Council website (accessed Nov. 19, 2008)


“The mission of the NRC is to improve government decision making and public policy, increase public education and understanding, and promote the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge in matters involving science, engineering, technology, and health.”

“Welcome to the National Research Council,” National Research Council website (accessed Nov. 19, 2008)

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  1. Is Large-Scale Wind Power Production Environmentally Friendly?