Professor of Economics at Appalachian State University
Not Clearly Pro or Con to the question "Can Alternative Energy Effectively Replace Fossil Fuels?"
"It all depends on how the definition of 'effective' is applied in this context. According to Dictionary.com, effective means 'adequate to accomplish a purpose.' If the purpose of alternative energy, such as wind and solar, is to provide a substitute for nonrenewable energy, such as oil and coal, then it can be effective. The problem facing proponents of alternative energy is that it is more costly to produce. If oil and coal were priced appropriately, incorporating all of the external costs of production and consumption such as air pollution and long-term climate change, then alternative energy would appear more competitive. However, potential supplies of wind and solar don’t appear to be large enough to completely replace oil and coal in the foreseeable future. If that is the purpose, then no, alternative energy can not effectively replace fossil fuels."
Experts Individuals with PhDs, heads of government, members of state or federal legislative bodies, and individuals with graduate degrees and significant post-graduate involvement in alternative energy or fossil fuel issues. [Note: Experts definition varies by site.]
Professor of Economics, Appalachian State University, 2006-present
Editorial Council, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 2005-present
Member: American Economic Association, American Fisheries Society, Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, North American Association of Fisheries Economists, North American Association of Sports Economists, Southern Economic Association
Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University, 2004-2006
Associate Professor of Economics, Department of Economics and Finance, University of North Carolina at Wilmington, 2001-2004
Adjunct Professor of Economics and Coastal Resource Management, East Carolina University, 2001-2006
Professor, Department of Economics, East Carolina University, 2000-2001
Director, Coastal and Marine Studies Program, East Carolina University, 1995-2000
Associate Professor, Department of Economics, East Carolina University, 1995-2000
PhD, Economics, University of Kentucky, 1990
MA, Economics, University of Kentucky, 1987
BA, Economics and Management, Centre College, 1985